viernes, 30 de abril de 2010

RV: Links between eccentricity forcing and the 100,000-year glacial cycle



Fuente: Nature Geoscience - Issue - science feeds
Expuesto el: domingo, 04 de abril de 2010 2:00
Autor: Lorraine E. Lisiecki
Asunto: Links between eccentricity forcing and the 100,000-year glacial cycle


Links between eccentricity forcing and the 100,000-year glacial cycle

Nature Geoscience 3, 349 (2010). doi:10.1038/ngeo828

Author: Lorraine E. Lisiecki

Variations in the eccentricity (100,000yr), obliquity (41,000yr) and precession (23,000yr) of Earth's orbit have been linked to glacial–interglacial climate cycles. It is generally thought that the 100,000-yr glacial cycles of the past 800,000yr are a result of orbital eccentricity. However, the eccentricity cycle produces negligible 100-kyr power in seasonal or mean annual insolation, although it does modulate the amplitude of the precession cycle. Alternatively, it has been suggested that the recent glacial cycles are driven purely by the obliquity cycle. Here I use statistical analyses of insolation and the climate of the past five million years to characterize the link between eccentricity and the 100,000-yr glacial cycles. Using cross-wavelet phase analysis, I show that the relative phase of eccentricity and glacial cycles has been stable since 1.2Myr ago, supporting the hypothesis that 100,000-yr glacial cycles are paced by eccentricity. However, I find that the time-dependent 100,000-yr power of eccentricity has been anticorrelated with that of climate since 5Myr ago, with strong eccentricity forcing associated with weaker power in the 100,000-yr glacial cycle. I propose that the anticorrelation arises from the strong precession forcing associated with strong eccentricity forcing, which disrupts the internal climate feedbacks that drive the 100,000-yr glacial cycle. This supports the hypothesis that internally driven climate feedbacks are the source of the 100,000-yr climate variations.

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